homicide

The killing of one human being by the act, procurement, or omission of another. A person is guilty of criminal homicide if he purposely, knowingly, recklessly or negligently causes the death of another human being. Criminal homicide is murder, manslaughter or negligent homicide. Model Penal Code, No. 210.1; 18 U.S.C.A. No. 1111 et seq.
Homicide is not necessarily a crime. It is a necessary ingredient of the crimes of murder and manslaughter, but there are other cases in which homicide may be committed without criminal intent and without criminal consequences, as, where it is done in the lawful execution of a judicial sentence, in self-defense, or as the only possible means of arresting an escaping felon. The term "homicide" is neutral; while it describes the act, it pronounces no judgment on its moral or legal quality. People v. Mahon, 77 Ill.App.3d 413, 395 N.E.2d 950, 958.
See excusable homicide
- justifiable homicide, below.
Classification1`
Homicide is ordinarily classified as "justifiable," "excusable," and "felonious".
For the definitions of these terms, and of some other compound terms, see below.
@ culpable homicide
Described as a crime varying from the very lowest culpability, up to the very verge of murder.
@ excusable homicide
The killing of a human being, either by misadventure or in self-defense. Such homicide consists of a perpetrator's acting in a manner which the law does not prohibit, such as self-defense or accidental homicide. Law v. State, 21 Md.App. 13, 318 A.2d 859, 869.
The name itself imports some fault, error, or omission, so trivial, however, that the law excuses it from guilt of felony, though in strictness it judges it deserving of some little degree of punishment. It is of two sorts,-either per infortunium, by misadventure, or se defendendo, upon a sudden affray.
Homicide per infortunium is where a man, doing a lawful act, without any intention of hurt, unfortunately kills another; but, if death ensue from any unlawful act, the offense is manslaughter, and not misadventure.
Homicide se defendendo is where a man kills another upon a sudden affray, merely in his own defense, or in defense of his wife, child, parent, or servant, and not from any vindictive feeling.
See homicide; self-defense; also justifiable homicide, below.
@ felonious homicide
The wrongful killing of a human being, of any age or either sex, without justification or excuse in law; of which offense there are two degrees, manslaughter and murder
+ felonious homicide
Killing of human being without justification or excuse.
See homicide
@ homicide by misadventure
The accidental killing of another, where the slayer is doing a lawful act, unaccompanied by any criminally careless or reckless conduct. The same as "homicide per infortunium."
@ homicide by necessity
A species of justifiable homicide, because it arises from some unavoidable necessity, without any will, intention, or desire, and without any inadvertence or negligence in the party killing, and therefore without any shadow of blame.
@ homicide per infortunium
Homicide by misfortune, or accidental homicide; as where a man doing a lawful act without any intention of hurt, accidentally kills another; a species of excusable homicide.
+ Homicide per infortunium is where a man, doing a lawful act, without any intention of hurt, unfortunately kills another; but, if death ensue from any unlawful act, the offense is manslaughter, and not misadventure.
@ homicide se defendendo
Homicide in self-defense; the killing of a person in self-defense upon a sudden affray, where the slayer had no other possible (or, at least, probable) means of escaping from his assailant. A species of excusable homicide.
+ Homicide se defendendo is where a man kills another upon a sudden affray, merely in his own defense, or in defense of his wife, child, parent, or servant, and not from any vindictive feeling.
See self defense.
@ justifiable homicide
Such as is committed intentionally, but without any evil design, and under such circumstances of necessity or duty as render the act proper, and relieve the party from any shadow of blame; as where a sheriff lawfully executes a sentence of death upon a malefactor, or where the killing takes place in the endeavor to prevent the commission of felony which could not be otherwise avoided, or, as a matter of right, such as self-defense or other causes provided for by statute.
+ justifiable homicide
Killing of another in self-defense when danger of death or serious bodily injury exists. Such homicide generally connotes only the use of force which is necessary, or which reasonably appears to be necessary, to resist other party's misconduct; and use of excessive force destroys the justification. People v. Bates, 256 C.A.2d 935, 64 Cal.Rptr. 575, 578.
An act which the law positively enjoins upon the perpetrator or positively permits him to perform, such as a capital crime execution or the prevention of a crime or escape by a proper officer. Law v. State, 21 Md.App. 13, 318 A.2d 859, 869.
See self-defense; also excusable homicide, above.
-reckless homicide
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HOMICIDE — Dommage corporel infligé à un individu et ayant entraîné sa mort, l’homicide est réprimé très différemment, dans le droit français, selon l’intention de l’auteur; on distingue l’homicide volontaire, l’homicide préterintentionnel, l’homicide par… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • homicide — ho·mi·cide / hä mə ˌsīd, hō / n [Latin homicidium, from homo human being + caedere to cut, kill] 1: a person who kills another 2: the killing of one human being by another compare manslaughter, murder …   Law dictionary

  • homicide — 1. (o mi si d ) s. m. et f. 1°   Celui, celle qui tue un être humain. Homicide point ne seras. •   Tout l Érèbe entendit cette belle homicide S excuser au berger qui ne daigna l ouïr, LA FONT. Fabl. XII, 26. •   Pleure, Jérusalem, pleure, cité… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Homicide — • Signifies, in general, the killing of a human being. In practice, however, the word has come to mean the unjust taking away of human life, perpetrated by one distinct from the victim and acting in a private capacity Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • homicide — Homicide. s. m. Meurtrier, qui tuë un homme contre les loix. Ny les adulteres, ny les fornicateurs, ny les homicides n entreront point dans le Royaume des Cieux. estre homicide de soy mesme. On dit, d Une personne qui ruine sa santé par quelque… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Homicide 21 — est un film français réalisé par Cédric Chambin qui sortira en 2008. Synopsis Franck, journaliste, suit une brigade de police, la cellule Homicide 21, qui enquête sur un tueur en série. La caméra du reporter s avère être un personnage à part… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Homicide — Hom i*cide, n. [F., fr. L. homicidium, fr. homicida a man slayer; homo man + caedere to cut, kill. See {Homage}, and cf. {Concise}, {Shed}, v. t.] 1. The killing of one human being by another. [1913 Webster] Note: Homicide is of three kinds:… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Homicide (TV) — may refer to: * , an American television series * Homicide , an Australian television series …   Wikipedia

  • homicidé — homicidé, ée (o mi si dé, dée) part. passé d homicider. Un voyageur homicidé par des voleurs …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • homicide — the killing of another person, early 13c., from O.Fr. homicide, from L. homicidium manslaughter, from homo man (see HOMUNCULUS (Cf. homunculus)) + cidium act of killing (see CIDE (Cf. cide)). The meaning person who kills another (late 14c.) also… …   Etymology dictionary

  • homicide — Homicide, ou meurtrier, Homicida. Homicide, ou Meurtre, Homicidium. Juger des Homicides, Exercere quaestionem inter sicarios …   Thresor de la langue françoyse


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